The Pineywoods and Florida Cracker cattle are closely related and for a long time were considered one breed. However, in recent years there has been enough evidence to prove that the Florida Cracker cattle are a distinct breed of landrace cattle, separate from the Pineywoods. Learn more about Florida Cracker Cattle.
Pineywoods cattle are an endangered landrace breed native to the Gulf Coast and Southeastern regions of the United States. They have adapted to thrive in this hot, humid climate and survive by foraging their beautiful forest terrain. These cattle are known to be hardy, intelligent and very good mothers; they are also prized for their alleged internal parasite resistance. Pineywoods cattle trace back to the animals carried with the first Spanish settlers during the 1500s. The Pineywoods developed as a breed in the Southeast United States, where heat tolerance was a prized characteristic. When European and African breeds were imported during the past two centuries, they replaced the landrace Pineywoods breed, so that only a few families maintained purebred cattle. These became the known strains, each with its own characteristics.
Pineywoods cattle are known for their high tolerance to heat and humidity, resistance to parasites, fertility and longevity. These horned cattle can be found in any solid color or color pattern. Some strains have specific color patterns. They are a small breed, with cows weighing between 600 and 800 pounds, and bulls weighing up to 1200 pounds. Pineywoods cattle had occasional historic use as dairy cattle and oxen in the timber industry.
Although SVF has completed extensive semen collection for Pineywoods cattle, we have only recently started embryo collection. David Moore of Olla, Louisiana, first began aiding SVF’s preservation of Pineywoods cattle in 2008, when he donated a Conway strain bull for semen collection. In 2009, he once again contacted SVF and offered two stunning Pineywoods heifers, one Broadus and one Conway, for embryo collection. We all thank David for his generosity and hope to continue a lasting partnership to conserve this critically endangered breed.